From Caterpillar Corporation

The 994K Wheel Loader

The Cat 994K Wheel Loader meets the demand for greater productivity by delivering more:

More payload.
More power.
More performance.
More profitability.

The 994K builds on the 25-year history of the 994 model and
combines it with your input to deliver a bigger, better machine.

We made the 994K larger — increasing payload up to 30%.
We improved the engine to make it more powerful and efficient.
We made it more comfortable and quiet, improved visibility
and made it safer for equipment operators.

New serviceability features and a modular design make it more serviceable,
with high-strength structures and axles make it more reliable, durable and longer-lasting.
The 994K is built to load more material for a more productive operation and a better bottom line.
This machine is required to move 500 tons of earth/ore which will be refined into one lithium car battery. 
It burns 900-1000 gallons of fuel in a 12 hour shift.  Lithium is refined from ore using sulfuric acid.
The proposed lithium mine at Thacker Pass Nevada is estimated to require up to 75 semi loads of sulfuric acid a day.
This mining operation is of the oft-criticized open pit mining process. 
This 500,000+ Pound vehicle is a modern marvel.

It should be noted the sulfuric acid does not turn into unicorn food like some proponents believe.

A battery in an electric car, lets say an average Tesla, is made of 25 pounds of lithium, 60 pounds of nickel,
44 pounds of manganese, 30 pounds of cobalt, 200 pounds of copper, and 400 pounds of aluminum, steel,
and plastic, etc., averaging 750-1,000 pounds of minerals needed to be mined and
processed into a battery that merely stores electricity. Interstingly, electricity to charge
the batteries is generated by oil, gas, coal, or water (and a tiny fraction of wind and solar). 

The above are forthright statements about the so-called 'green' energy.
There does not seem to be much green about the green new deal--other than
the kind that winds up in bank accounts of those who 'know'. 

It is hoped people learn how to vote or this nonsense will continue
to flow down onto us from the throne of government we put these people on."
As per Dept. of Energy(, it should also be mentioned that normal house wiring can only provide a charge of about 5 miles per hour charging whereas the installation of high capacity wiring will cost as much as $1800 and result in an approximate range of 250 miles.

All mass-produced electric vehicles today include a 110-volt-compatible
|(Level 1) charging unit which is able to be plugged into any standard 110v household outlet. The downside of EV charging with a 110v outlet is that it takes a while. 

Level 1 charging provides approximately four to five miles of range per hour charged. For an eight-hour overnight charge, this will enable traveling around 36 to 40 miles which is great for people who drive less than 50 miles (80 km) a day. Most electric vehicle owners find that this meets their needs perfectly and allows them to conveniently charge their EV at home without any changes or upgrades. 

Using a 240-Volt Outlet Charges Electric Cars Faster

However, others with long commutes or who drive for work need more range 
may prefer to invest in a 240v, Level 2 wall-mounted charger. 240 volt outlets are the type you typically see for electric clothes dryers at home and are the type most commonly installed for public charging stations. Compared with Level 1 charging, a Level 2 charge takes about half the time - providing about 180 miles of range over an eight-hour overnight charging period.
Level 2 charging is the best option for drivers in a hurry as well as those who drive more miles in a day. 
Level 2 fast charging is especially attractive for those who don’t have reliable access to public or workplace chargers. A Level 2 Charger needs to be installed with the help of an electrician and it can be
placed in a location that makes at-home charging even easier


Albany Times Union
Letter to Editor

Bethlehem Does Not Need Any More Gas Stations

I support the Bethlehem Town Board’s efforts to prohibit the expansion or construction of new gasoline stations through the town’s Comprehensive Plan.  The Comprehensive Plan developed by a committee, and approved by the Town Board, provides a roadmap for commercial and residential development in Bethlehem.

Electric cars will be far more common in the future because of the need to control climate change.  The need for gasoline stations will decrease substantially over the next decade.  Already on a 2-mile stretch of Route 9W, there are dozens of gasoline or diesel pumps with more being planned.

As gasoline sales decline, these stations will be increasingly unprofitable and many will close, leaving behind gasoline storage tanks.  If another type of business locates on the property, the underground tanks will need to be removed, discouraging new businesses.  Many of the tanks will leak, making remediation or cleanup of the site necessary.  The gasoline company may be out of business and the costs of the clean up will fall to the government (taxpayers) in many cases.

New gasoline pumps are not needed and will prevent the expansion of businesses in the town and ultimately increase costs to the taxpayers.

Delmar, NY

The above letter(7/31/22) to the Times-Union Editor shows how some things may be very
short sighted and misleading as the products and support for EVs are just not ready.
Realistic planning needs realistic situations and the reality is the extremely large majority
of cars need gasoline and will for a long time. This rush to EVs and alternative energy has not worked really well in many other countries along
with states like CA and TX where they now have rolling blackouts, etc...

This very basic explanation of renewable energy speaks to the idea:

"Renewable energy comes from self-renewing natural sources and processes, such as 
sunlight or wind. Unlike fossil fuels, renewable energy sources are constantly being replenished
and can, therefore, in theory never be depleted.
Green energy — a subgroup of renewable energy that doesn’t harm the environment — is the most environmentally friendly kind."--


FYI: Some things are not as advertised-like environmentally friendly delivery of electricity and the real effect of 'renewable energy' may not be as renewable as it appears on the surface. We have a long way to go and government of all things should not be pushing things on us until the entire picture is in focus and the product is ready for prime time...

Again, I reference the description of what is required and used to produce a typical EV Battery above.